The Bank of England would probably take measures to stimulate bank lending in the event of a fresh downturn in the economy, and government fiscal policy could also play a role, BoE Governor Mark Carney said.
Carney said the British central bank would probably cut the countercyclical capital buffer that it sets for banks to zero, from 1% now, if the economy - which faces the prospect of a no-deal Brexit shock - took a hit.
"You certainly can paint scenarios, globally and then in the UK, where that may not be enough," Carney said when asked at an event at Harvard University about the monetary policy options available to the BoE with interest rates so low.
"And certainly you can paint scenarios where you want to do some of that, but you absolutely want to complement it by fiscal policy."
Carney said the world economy was close to a liquidity trap - when interest rates are low and savings rates are high, making monetary policy ineffective - which put the onus on governments to kick-start growth with their tax and spending policies.
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